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2019年全国英语等级考试完型填空专项模拟试题五
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全国英语等级考试语法辅导公共英语语法辅导PETS语法辅导

  Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries.Yet much had happened 1.As was discussed before,it was not 2 the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic 3,following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the 4 of the periodical.It was during the same time the communications revolution 5 up,beginning with transport,the railway,and leading 6 through the telegraph,the telephone,radio,and motion pictures 7 the 20th-century world of the motor car and the airplane.Not everyone sees that process in 8.It is important to do so.
  It is generally recognized,9,that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century,10 by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s,radically changed the process,11 its impact on the media was not immediately 12.As time went by,computers became smaller and more powerful,and they became“personal”too,as well as 13,with display becoming sharper and storage 14 increasing.They were thought of,like people,15 generations,with the distance between generations much 16.
  It was within the computer age that the term“information society”began to be widely used to describe the 17 within which we now live.The communications revolution has 18 both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about place and time,but there have been 19 views about its economic,political,social and cultural implications.“Benefits”have been weighed 20“harmful”outcomes.And generalizations have proved difficult.
  1.A.between B.beforeC.sinceD.later
  参考答案:A.
  参考解析:此题属于语法题。先项A.between表示“在……之间”。考生可能熟悉between作介词的用法,却不了解其实它还可作为副词,例如:We have four classes in the morning and two in the afternoon,and we have lunch between.我们上午有四节课,下午有两节课,期间我们进午餐。本题主要考查副词的用法。上文中提到了20世纪电视的发展及15、16世纪印刷术的传播,下文则讲到了这两个时间之间民生的一些事情。因此,根据上下文的关系,应选择A.between。选项B.before表示“在……之前”,既可作介词,也可作连词,例如:Before the class,I went over the lesson.又如:Before the discussion began,I had a cup of tea.选项C.since表示“既然”,可作介词、连词,也可作副词,例如:I haven’t written home since Christmas.又如:I have been at his bedside since he became ill.再如:Things have not changed very much since.选项D.later表示“后来”例如:a week later.这三个选项都不符合题意。
  2.A.afterB.byC.duringD.until
  参考答案:D.
  参考解析:此题属于词语搭配题。读完此句,考生可以发现本句的主要结构是it was not until...that...,这是固定搭配,not until用于强调,例如:It was not until you told me that I knew he was the famous singer.故选D.until.其余选项:A.after,B.by和C.during都与本题的语意不符。
  3.A.meansB.methodC.mediumD.measure
  参考答案:C.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。选项C.medium表示“媒体”。根据考生的常识不难判断本句中的主语newspaper应该属于medium(媒体)的一种。选项A.means意为“方法,手段”;选项B.method意为“方法”;选项D.measure意为“措施”。
  4.A.processB.companyC.lightD.form
  参考答案:B.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。上文中的in the wake of the pamphlet and the book意为“伴随首小册子和书籍的出现”,据此可以判断与此相对应的应该是in the company of the periodical(伴随着期刊的兴起)。所以B.是正确答案。选项B.是正确答案。选项B.:in the company of意为“在……的陪同下,伴随着”,例如:I traveled Egypt in the company of two teachers.(我在两个老师陪同下游览了埃及。)选项A.:in the process意为“在进行中”,例如:The new library is in the process of being decorated.新图书馆正在进行装修。选项D.:in the light of意为“鉴于,依据……看来”,例如:In the light of the accident,we have put off the meeting till next week.(鉴于这次事故,我们已经把会议推迟到下个星期。)选项D.:in the form of意为“以……的形状”,例如:Te cookies were in the form of stars.(那些饼干的形状都像星星。)
  5.A.gatheredB.speededC.workedD.picked
  参考答案:B.
  参考解析:此题属于词语搭配题。本题主要考查动词短语的含义,这是考查的一个重点。选项B.:speed(up)意为“加速”,例如:The train gradually speeded up.(火车逐渐加速了。)不难看出本句的含义是“在15世纪到20世纪之间,从火车、电报、电话到汽车、飞机、交通,通信业的变革速度越来越快”,故选B.。选项A.:gather(up)意为“收集”,例如:gather up one’s papers;选项C.:work(up)意为“逐步发展”,例如:work up to a climax(渐至高潮);选项D.:pick(up)意为“捡起,学会”,例如:pick up a few words.
  6.A.onB.outC.overD.off
  参考答案:A.
  参考解析:此题属于词语搭配题。选项A.on可表示“持续地”,例如:He coughed on the whole night.lead on则表示“带头,走在前面”,例如:If you lead on,we will follow behind.原句很长,考生可通过分析句子结构来理解其含义。我们可以发现主语是communications revolution,而beginning与leading两个分词结构作状语,因此所填的空格要与leading这个关键词有关。因此A.符合题意,是正确答案。选项D.off跟在lead之后表示“开始”,例如:She led off with a song.(她以唱歌开始。)其他的选项B.out和C.over都不能与lead搭配。
  7.A.ofB.forC.beyondD.into
  参考答案:D.
  参考解析:此题属于语法题。选项D.into意为“进入”,强调动态,例如:work far into the night。上文中有through the telegraph...,下文是the 20th century world,说明革命一直持续直到进入20世纪,故选D.。选项A.of可表示所有、所属关系,例如:the legs of a chair。选项B.for意为“为了”,例如:Do more exercise for the good of your health.选项C.beyond意为“超越”,例如:The town has changed beyond my recognition.
  8.A.conceptB.dimensionC.effectD.perspective
  参考答案:D.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。本题考查的是介词与名词的语意搭配。选项D.perspective意为“透视图,看法”;in perspective意为“正确地,适当地”,例如:look at things in perspective(正确地观察事物)。D.符合题意,是正确答案。选项A.concept意为“概念”,例如:a concept of space;选项B.dimension意为“尺度,维度”,例如:The dimension of the window is 150cm long by 120cm wide.选项C.effect意为“效果”;in effect意为“实际上”,相当于in fact,例如:In effect the government has lowered the taxes for the rich and raised them for the poor.(实际上政府已经降低了富人们的税收而提高了穷人们的税收。)此题表明考生应多注意介词与名词的搭配词语。
  9.A.indeedB.henceC.howeverD.therefore
  参考答案:C.
  参考解析:此题属于语篇连接题。选项C.however意为“然而”,插入句中,前后要用逗号隔开,例如:Certainly he apologized.However,I won’t forgive him.本题所在的句子很长,又出现了四个空格,这就需要考生同时考虑分析句子的语法关系和关键词语的搭配。上文说到“观察过程本身是很重要的”;本句中又提到“20世纪初电脑的引进……彻底地改变了这个过程”。那么,可以判断上下文应该是转折的关系,所以选C.。选项A.indeed意为“确实,果然”,例如:I am indeed glad to hear the news.选项B.hence意为“所以”,它后面的动词往往省略,例如:Her mother is a singer,hence her love for music.该选项也可作副词,意为“今后,从此”,例如:What will the world have become a hundred years hence?选项D.therefore意为“所以”,例如:We don’t have enough money and therefore we have to give up the plan.
  10.A.broughtB.followedC.stimulatedD.characterized
  参考答案:B.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。上文提到20世纪初电脑的发明,接着就是60年代集成电路的发明,后者应跟随在前者之后,所以正确的答案是B.followed。选项A.brought意为“带来”;选项C.stimulated意为“刺激,激励”,例如:The desire to become a successful businessman stimulated him to work hard.选项D.characterized意为“以……为特征”,例如:An elephant is characterized by a long trunk.(大象的特征是鼻子长。)
  11.A.unlessB.sinceC.lestD.although
  参考答案:D.
  参考解析:此题属于语篇连接题。选项D.although可引导让步状语从句。原文从句中出现的速写词not可以看做是提示线索的标志词,因此从上下文逻辑关系来判断,D.是正确答案。选项A.unless意为“除非”(if...not),引导条件状语从句,例如:I won’t go to see the film unless I finish my work.选项B.since意为“自从;既然”。选项C.lest意为“惟恐,以防万一”,例如:She walked quietly lest she(should)wake up the child.
  12.A.apparentB.desirableC.negativeD.plausible
  参考答案:A.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。选项A.apparent意为“表面的,明显的”,例如:with apparent indifference(表面上装作漠不关心);又如:His grief is apparent to me.选项B.desirable意为“值得要的,令人满意的”。例如:a desirable job,该选项可用于It is desirable for sb.to do sth.或It is desirable that...的句型中,例如:It is desirable for you to be present.(希望你能出席。)选项C.negative意为“否定的,消极的”,例如:a negative response。选项D.plausible意为“似是而非的”,例如:His explanation sounds fairly plausible to me.本题考的是形容词语意的辨析,读懂整个句子后可发现A.是最佳答案。
  13.A.institutional B.universalC.fundamentalD.instrumental
  参考答案:B.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。选项B.universal意为“普遍的,通用的”,例如:a universal truth。本题中需要填入一个与上文中的personal相对应的形容词,所以首先要了解personal的含义:“个人的,个性化的”。因此B.符合题意。选项A.institutional意为“制度的,规格化的”;选项C.fundamental意为“基本的,重要的”,例如:fundamental human rights;选项D.instrumental意为“仪器的,器械的”。
  14.A.abilityB.capabilityC.capacityD.faculty
  参考答案:C.
  参考解析:此题属于词语搭配题。选项C.capacity意为“容量”,例如:The concert hall has a seating capacity of 1000.可与storage搭配,意为“(电脑储存)容量”,因此C.是正确答案。另外,该选项也可意为“能力,理解力”,例如:This book is beyond young children’s capacity.(这本书超过了小孩子的理解范围。)选项A.ability意为“能力,资格”,例如:the capability for the job。选项D.faculty意为“能力”,后面常跟介词for或of,例如:the faculty of reason;该选项还意为“(大学的)院系,全体(大学)教员”,例如:the faculty of law(法学院)。不过这三个选项都不能与storage搭配。
  15.A.by means ofB.in terms ofC.with regard to D.in line with
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。本题考查的是介词短语的习惯用法。选项B.in terms of意为“按照,在……方面”,例如:A 200-year-old building is very old in terms of American history.(从美国历史来看,一栋有着200年历史的房子是很古老的。)根据题意,人们认为电脑与人一样,是一代一代的,故选B.。选项A.by means of,意为“通过……方法”,例如:He can express his thoughts by means of music.(他借音乐来表达思想。)选项C.with regard to意为“关于”,例如:He wants to speak to you with regard to your financial situation.(他想就你的经济状况和你谈一下。)选项D.in line with意为“与……一致”,如:His idea is not in line with mine.(他的想法与我的不一致)。
  16.A.deeperB.fewerC.nearerD.smaller
  参考答案:D.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。本题是以独立主格的形式出现,其逻辑主语是distance,可指空间的距离或时间的间隔,能与它相搭配的只有选项D.smaller。注意:选项C.nearer本身就表示距离或时间的接近,所以不能修饰distance。但是我们可以说The distance is long/short。因此考生在做题时要排除汉语思维方式对英语的干扰。选项A.deeper和选项B.fewer都与本题题意不符。
  17.A.contextB.rangeC.scopeD.territory
  参考答案:A.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。选项A.context意为“上下文”,也可意为“背景,环境”(=situation),例如:I think we need to look at these events in contest.原句又是一个强调句型,所填空格的后面是一个定语从句,意为“我们所生活的……”,而与空格相对应的是information society(信息社会),可以判定空格的意思应与society相近,故A.是正确答案。选项B.range意为“(气温、价格等浮动的)幅度”,例如:the range of the price。选项D.territory意为“领土”。本题说明考生不仅要注意单词的第一意思,即基本意思,还应加强对单词引申义的理解。
  18.A.regardedB.impressedC.influencedD.effected
  参考答案:C.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。选项C.influenced意为“影响”,例如:The weather in summer influenced the rice crops.本题所填的词应与下文中的implications相对应;implications以复数形式出现时,表示possible effects or results(可能导致的结果、关系)。换句话说,就是影响,所以C.influenced是正确答案。选项A.regarded意为“看做,考虑”,常与as连用,例如:I regarded him as my father.选项B.impressed意为“给(某人)留下印象”,后面往往加sb.作宾语,例如:His behavior impressed me deeply.选项D.effected作动词时意为“使……产生,改变”,例如:His opinion effected the plan.(他的意见改变了计划。)
  19.A.competitiveB.controversialC.distractingD.irrational
  参考答案:B.
  参考解析:此题属于语意搭配题。选项B.controversial意为“有争议的”。下文中提到了通信革命带来的benefits(利)和“harmful”outcomes(弊),可见对于它在经济、政治等方面所产生的结果,人们还是有争议的,因此B.是正确答案。选项A.competitive意为“竞争的”,例如:a competitive society;选项C.distracting意为“干扰的”,例如:the distracting noise;选项D.irrational意为“非理性的”。
  全句可译为:在我们这个时代,在我们这个社会中,通信革命已经影响到了我们的工作、生活、思维和感觉;但是对于它在经济、政治、社会和文化方面所产生的结果,人们还有争议。
  20.A.aboveB.uponC.againstD.with
  参考答案:C.
  参考解析:此题属于词语搭配题。选项C.:against与weigh连用,意为“权衡(利弊)”,例如:He weighed the advantages of changing his job against the disadvantages.(他对所换工作的利弊加以权衡比较。)根据上文“通信革命带来的结果还有争议”,可推断出本句的含义是:我们必须仔细权衡它所造成的利与弊。故选C.。选项A.:weigh above,不存在此搭配。选项B.:weigh upon意为“成为负担”,例如:He’s under huge pressure at work and it’s really weighing on him.(他的工作压力太大,已成为他的负担。)选项D.:weigh with sb.意为“对……很重要”,例如:Access to the railway station weighed heavily with us.(对我们来说,能到火车站是很重要的。)

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